The Dead Sea Region offers a lot in terms of nature, site seeing, and archaeology. If you plan on traveling to this region, please be mindful of the Israeli summer which can be extremely hot, especially during August, and especially in the desert.
Furthermore, be very mindful, especially if you are driving yourself, of where you are going, and that you are not crossing into the Palestinian Territories. It is illegal for Israeli citizens, for example, to enter Jericho. So always know where you are going, who you are going with, and always be safe.
How to get there? Public transportation is available from the central bus stations of every major city in Israel. However, you must remember that there is none during the Sabbath (Friday afternoon until Saturday evening).
If you’re looking for something on a low budget check out Israel’s youth hostel’s website.
During the summer, they can get pretty full, so make sure to reserve a room in advance.
If you feel like splurging on a fancy spa, there are plenty of hotels around the Dead Sea.
Masada: one of King Herod’s winter palaces turned world heritage site. This well-preserved site has been recently returned to by an archaeological staff from Tel Aviv University https://www.facebook.com/MasadaExpedition/?hc_ref=SEARCH for their first season of excavation there.
Make sure to check when the first and last cable cars go up and down the mount, otherwise you’ll have to walk the Snake Path (which is actually not that bad).
Qumran: settled in the 2nd century BCE by the Dead Sea sect, is the site where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. There is an entry fee, but there you can also buy a combined ticket for the Qumran National Park as well as Eynot Tsukim Nature Reserve.
Around the Dead Sea there are several relatively short hikes you can take, some of which have fresh spring water. These include: Nahal David, Nahal Arugut, and Nahal Ein Gedi. Check out Israel’s Nature and Park Authority’s website – they update their site with opening hours and other vital information you may need before entering the parks.